컨텐츠 바로가기 영역
주메뉴로 바로가기
본문으로 바로가기

ABC Global Leader in Biomass 2019

home > Market areas > Biomass industry

Biomass industry

Biomass industry

Today’s human civilization is completely dependent and built on the petroleum industry, where crude oil is extracted from the ground and refined in order to constantly fulfill the ever increasing demand of the fuels, materials, and chemicals. However world fossil fuel reserve is not infinite, and therefore if no alternatives are found, human beings will inevitably face the problem of peak oil which will seriously threaten the existence of the civilization as we know it. There are forms of renewable energy such as photovoltaics or hydroelectricity which could generate renewable electric power, but these are unable to replace the physical petroleum based products such as liquid fuels and chemicals.

The only alternative to the petroleum industry is the biomass industry, which is completely renewable and can be sustained indefinitely. The biomass is the biological materials that are derived from living organisms, and in fact entirety of the petroleum is originally derived from the dead prehistoric biomass. Biomass can be utilized to produce biofuels, biomaterials, and biochemical which are renewable alternatives to conventional petroleum derived products.

The majority of the biofuels that are currently produced are derived of land crops such as sugarcane, rapeseed, soybean, jatropha, etc, due to the fact that the infrastructure and technology necessary for the mass production of these biomass and large scale processing of its products are already in place, and therefore the majority of the current biofuels production is based on the first generation biomass. However, these first generation biofuels have a critical disadvantage that it competes directly with human food resources, and therefore it cannot be a sustainable replacement for fossil fuels. Much of the attention in the recent times has been given microalgae biomass derived biofuels and bioproducts. Microalgae can be cultivated in arid climate with poor soil, so it does not compete with human supply in any ways. Microalgae also has incomparably higher biomass productivity compared to the land crops, have higher oil contents per biomass, and is known to produce variety of value added products. Wide variety of fuels, materials, and chemicals can be produced from algal biomass, which opens up a possibility of vibrant biorefinery industry in the future for simultaneous and streamlined approach for producing these respective products. These advantages allow microalga biomass to be the most suitable candidate to replace petroleum.